3 edition of Vinyl chloride. found in the catalog.
United States. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
by U.S. Dept. of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration in [Washington]
Written in English
|Series||Job health hazards series|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination|| p. :|
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.. ASTM Standards. D Test Method for Determining Residual Vinyl Chloride Monomer Content in PPB Range in Vinyl Chloride Homo- and Co-Polymers by Headspace Gas Chromatography. D Practice for . Suggested Citation:"Vinyl chloride (monochloroethylene)."National Research Council. Drinking Water and Health: Volume gton, DC: The National Academies.
This page contains information on the chemical Vinyl chloride including: synonyms/identifiers; U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 Section shipping regulations and 3 proper shipping names; USDOT Emergency Response Guidebook initial response information for 2 . A colorless gas at normal temperatures and pressures that boils at −°C, made by reacting ethylene with chlorine or hydrogen chloride to obtain ethylene dichloride, which is cracked to form vinyl chloride. (Handbook of Polyvinyl Chloride Formulating, Wickson, E. J., ed., John Wiley and.
Vinyl chloride OSHA Specifically Regulated Substances: OSHA 29 CFR (vinyl chloride); The U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration specifi-cally regulates manufacturing, handling and processing of vinyl resin. Such regulations have been published at 29 CFR It is necessary that handlers and proces-File Size: 4MB. A small percentage of individuals occupationally exposed to high levels of vinyl chloride in air have developed a set of symptoms termed "vinyl chloride disease," which is characterized by Raynaud's phenomenon (fingers blanch and numbness and discomfort are experienced upon exposure to the cold), changes in the bones at the end of the fingers.
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In addition to meeting the needs of experienced vinyl technologists, this book is recommended as a basic guide to train new professionals entering the industry. From plumbing pipes to home siding to thin films and sheeting, you'll find the right vinyl formulation here along with clear, straightforward guidance/5(2).
Vinyl chloride is used primarily to make PVC, a substance used in products such as pipes. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas that burns easily. It does not occur naturally and must be produced industrially for its commercial uses.
Vinyl chloride is Vinyl chloride. book primarily to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC); PVC is used to make a variety of plastic products. Vinyl Chloride is a chlorinated hydrocarbon occurring as a colorless, highly flammable gas with a mild, sweet odor that may emit toxic fumes of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride and phosgene when heated to decomposition.
Vinyl chloride is primarily used to make polyvinyl chloride to manufacture plastics. Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is one of the world’s most important and largest commodity chemicals. VCM is used primarily for the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) homopolymer and copolymer resins.
PVC has the advantage of being utilized in conversion and fabrication processes with great flexibility, such that end products cover a wide. Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is a colorless, gaseous, sweet-smelling organochloride primarily used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with additional historical usage before the s as an aerosol propellant and refrigerant.  VCM is now classified as an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Group 1 carcinogen. PVC resins are used widely in Author: Matthew S.
Fralish, John W. Downs. PUBLIC HEALTH STATEMENT Vinyl Chloride CAS#: Division of Toxicology and Environmental Medicine July This Public Health Statement is the summary chapter from the Toxicological Profile for Vinyl Chloride. It is one in a series of Public Health Statements about hazardous substances and their health effects.
Akovali, in Toxicity of Building Materials, Introduction. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), or vinyl for short, or using the IUPAC name ‘chloroethane’ or ‘poly(chloroethanediyl)’, with 57% of mass by chlorine, is an ‘infrastructure thermoplastic’ material.
PVC is one of the most important plastic materials used worldwide in various phases of the construction industry, such as. Symbol which looks like a small house Solid circle with an upward pointer in it. Jump to content. Product Stewardship Summary Vinyl Chloride Page 3 of 9 Edition 1 to minimize potential harm to people, animals and the environment.
Potential for exposure may vary depending upon site-specific conditions. When handling Vinyl Chloride, refer to the Safety Data Sheet and Product Warning Label and follow all instructions and warnings.
Polyvinyl chloride (/ ˌ p ɒ l i v aɪ n əl ˈ k l ɔːr aɪ d /; colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year.
PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and iations: PVC. Vinyl chloride is a colorless gas at normal temperatures. It is also known as chloroethene, chloroethylene, ethylene monochloride, or monochloroethylene.
It is flammable (burns easily) as a gas and is not stable at high temperatures. Vinyl chloride exists in liquid form if it is kept under high pressure or at low temperatures (less than ï¿½C).
Emma Popek, in Sampling and Analysis of Environmental Chemical Pollutants (Second Edition), Gas—vinyl chloride. Vinyl chloride (IUPAC name chloroethene) is a man-made industrial chemical used mostly for manufacturing of polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
Piping, floor covering, furniture, automobile parts, and packaging made of PVC are widely used throughout. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.
Get this from a library. Vinyl chloride. [Canada. Environmental Protection Programs Directorate. Technical Services Branch.;] -- Environmental and Technical Information for Problem Spills manuals provide detailed information on chemical substances.
This information is intended to assist the reader in designing countermeasures. Vinyl Chloride, (Environmental Health Criteria) [World Health Orgainzation] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Vinyl Chloride, Author: World Health Orgainzation. is used in vinyl chloride production because it consumes the hydrochloric acid (HCl) generated by 1,2 dichloroethane (EDC) pyrolysis. This consumption of HCl is the main advantage of using the balanced process.
Currently, nearly 95% of the world’s supply is produced using this process, see Figure 1 for the balanced process Size: KB. Vinyl chloride, a colourless, flammable, toxic gas belonging to the family of organohalogen compounds and used principally in making polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, a widely used plastic with numerous applications.
The major industrial preparation of vinyl chloride begins with ethylene and. Vinyl Chloride (CH 2:CHCl) 75–01–4 Dependent upon analytical equipment. Applicability. This method is applicable for the determination of the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) content of in-process wastewater samples, and the residual vinyl chloride monomer (RCVM) content of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resins, wet, cake, slurry, and latex samples.
The Fate of Vinyl Chloride in Aquifers Vinyl Chloride (VC) is a proven human carcinogen and a major risk factor in many contaminated aquifers. When present above the maximum concentration level (MCL) of 2 ppb, sites are unable to close and require continued remediation and monitoring.
Knowing the pathways and mechanisms that contribute to VC. We created models of the process units so that they both produced kg/hr of vinyl chloride, with nearly identical purities (by mass) of 98% for oxychlorination and. The polymers identified in paragraph (a) of this section may be safely admixed, alone or in mixture with other permitted polymers, as modifiers in semirigid and rigid vinyl chloride plastic food-contact articles prepared from vinyl chloride homopolymers and/or from vinyl chloride copolymers complying with, and/or of this chapter, in .vinyl chloride is good – more than 98% -- and the only significant side reaction is the further addition of HCl to vinyl chloride to form 1,1-dichlorethane” (21).
The major issue with this process is that fact that the catalyst used, mercuric chloride, is a very volatile compound.
It is so volatile that much of the development work on thisFile Size: 1MB.Vinyl chloride is the building block used to make polyvinyl chloride, and approximately 75 percent of all polyvinyl chloride manufactured today is used in building materials, including water pipes that carry and store drinking water, window frames and siding, flooring, wallpaper, window blinds and shower curtains.